Patient’s rights to advance directives

Abstract This research identified the knowledge that 55 patients with terminal diseases had about their diagnosis, prognosis, and the option to register their end-of-life will in advanced directives. Among the studied subjects, only one had already registered their advance directives; three of them expressed their interest in registering them after dialogue with the researcher. All the others subjects stated that they did not have the opportunity to discuss the matter. Decisions regarding patients’ end of life invariably make evident the lack of clarifying dialogue between doctor and patient. The study data suggest that advance directives, although constituting an instrument for the respect for the autonomy of will of patients with terminal diseases, are far from being effective in practice, which leads to the need to improve the communication between doctors and patients regarding the process of reaching the end of life.