Organic contamination in clams, <i>Venerupis aurea laeta</i> and <i>Cerastoderma edule glaucum,</i> from Sicily (Italy)

<p>Two species of edible clams <i>Venerupis aurea laeta</i> and <i>Cerastoderma edule glaucum</i> from Ganzirri Lake (Sicily, Italy) were investigated to determine OCP and PCB residues by GC-MS. Thirty-five samples were examined for two years in order to perform: a) their actual contamination; b) the daily dietary exposure of seafood consumers to the pollutants in question. In all the clams analysed in this study, PCB and OCP (4,4′-DDE) residues are always below the limits fixed by law. It seems that there is some seasonality of concentrations observed. In fact the more high concentrations of residues are detected in the hot months, for both species and years. Given the consumption of clams and the values obtained in this study for the two species analysed, it is possible estimate that the average daily dietary intake of NDL-PCB and of 4,4′-DDE for adults is really low.</p>