Optimal Graph Filter Design for Large-Scale Random Networks

2018-07-01T05:09:51Z (GMT) by Stephen M. Kruzick
<p>Graph signal processing analyzes signals supported on the nodes of a network with respect to a shift operator matrix that conforms to the graph structure. For shift-invariant graph filters, which are polynomial functions of the shift matrix, the filter response is defined by the value of the filter polynomial at the shift matrix eigenvalues. Thus, information regarding the spectral decomposition of the shift matrix plays an important role in filter design. However, under stochastic conditions leading to uncertain network structure, the eigenvalues of the shift matrix become random, complicating the filter design task. In such case, empirical distribution functions built from the random matrix eigenvalues may exhibit deterministic limiting behavior that can be exploited for problems on large-scale random networks. Acceleration filters for distributed average consensus dynamics on random networks provide the application covered in this thesis work. The thesis discusses methods from random matrix theory appropriate for analyzing adjacency matrix spectral asymptotics for both directed and undirected random networks, introducing relevant theorems. Network distribution properties that allow computational simplification of these methods are developed, and the methods are applied to important classes of random network distributions. Subsequently, the thesis presents the main contributions, which consist of optimization problems for consensus acceleration filters based on the obtained asymptotic spectral density information. The presented methods cover several cases for the random network distribution, including both undirected and directed networks as well as both constant and switching random networks. These methods also cover two related optimization objectives, asymptotic convergence rate and graph total variation.</p>