New Cyanometalate Building Units: Synthesis and Characterization of [Re(CN)7]3- and [Re(CN)8]3-

2003-02-07T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Miriam V. Bennett Jeffrey R. Long
Two new cyanorhenate complexes of potential utility in constructing magnetic and photomagnetic materials are reported. Reaction of (Bu4N)CN with [ReCl6]2- in acetonitrile affords yellow (Bu4N)3[Re(CN)7] (1), featuring the pentagonal bipyramidal complex [Re(CN)7]3-. The spectral and magnetic properties of 1 indicate that the complex has an S = 1/2 ground state with considerable anisotropy in the g tensor. In aqueous solution, 1 reacts with Mn2+ ions to generate the three-dimensional cyano-bridged solid [fac-Mn(H2O)3][cis-Mn(H2O)2][Re(CN)7]·3H2O (2) containing diamagnetic [Re(CN)7]4-. Addition of KIO4 to the reaction solution, originally intended to prevent reduction of the rhenium during solid formation, instead yields white (Bu4N)3[Re(CN)8] (3). As crystallized in K3[Re(CN)8]·2MeCN (4·2MeCN), the diamagnetic [Re(CN)8]3- complex adopts a nearly perfect square antiprismatic coordination geometry. In solution, this species behaves analogously to the isoelectronic [M(CN)8]4- (M = Mo, W) complexes, apparently converting to a dodecahedral geometry and photooxidizing under UV radiation to give paramagnetic [Re(CN)8]2-.