Multi-component synthesis of spiro[diindeno[1,2-b:2′,1′-e]pyridine-11,3′-indoline]-triones using zinc terephthalate metal-organic frameworks

<p>The present article describes an efficient one-pot method for the preparation of spiro[diindeno[1,2-b:2′,1′-e]pyridine-11,3′-indoline]-trione derivatives from a three-component condensation reaction of 1,3-indandione, aromatic amines and isatins in the presence of a zinc terephthalate metal-organic framework Zn (BDC) MOF as the catalyst under solvent-free conditions. High yields, short reaction times, simple workup and environmentally benign procedure are advantages of this protocol. The Zn (BDC) MOF catalyst can be recovered and reused several times without loss of activity. The catalyst was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infra red, X-ray powder diffraction and thermal gravimetric analysis.</p>