Monitoring the broad impact of the journal publication output on country level: A case study for Austria

This study provides an example of a monitoring practice concerning the broader impact of the journal publication output on country level. All Austrian publications of the last three publication years indexed in WoS Core Collection and including a DOI were analysed in PlumX. The metrics traced in the different data sources were compared for six main knowledge areas. The results reinforce the importance of the usage metrics especially in disciplines related to the area “Arts & Humanities”. The highest data coverage is provided by the number of readers in Mendeley. The percentage of publications with social media scores, especially tweets, has been significantly increasing within the last three years, in agreement with the increasing popularity of these tools in recent years. The highest values for social media are reported for the Health and Life Sciences, followed very closely by the Social Sciences. The relative insignificance in the “Arts & Humanities” is noteworthy. Our study confirms very low correlation values between the different measures traced in PlumX and supports the hypothesis that these should rather be considered as complementary sources. High correlations between the same measures or metrics originating from different data sources were only reported for citations, but not for usage data. Median correlation values were observed between usage and citation counts in WoS. No association of the number of co-authors or co-affiliations with any of the measures considered in this study could be found, except for a low correlation between the number of affiliations and captures or citations.