Mixed-Valent Ruthenocene–Vinylruthenium Conjugates: Valence Delocalization Despite Chemically Different Redox Sites

Ruthenocene–vinylruthenium conjugates Rc/Rc*–CHCH–Ru­(CO)­(L)­(P<sup><i>i</i></sup>Pr<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub> (Rc = (η<sup>5</sup>-C<sub>5</sub>H<sub>5</sub>)­Ru­(η<sup>5</sup>-C<sub>5</sub>H<sub>4</sub>); Rc* = (η<sup>5</sup>-C<sub>5</sub>Me<sub>5</sub>)­Ru­(η<sup>5</sup>-C<sub>5</sub>H<sub>4</sub>); L = Cl or κ<i>O</i>,<i>O</i>′<i>-</i>acetylacetonato) have been prepared and investigated in their neutral, mono-, and dioxidized states by cyclic voltammetry, IR and UV/vis/NIR spectroelectrochemistry, and EPR spectroscopy. Their corresponding radical cations are (almost) completely delocalized mixed-valent systems as indicated by the low half-widths, the absence of solvatochromism, and the low-energy cutoff of their IVCT bands in the near-infrared (NIR) and their IR and EPR spectroscopic signatures. The degree of electronic coupling even exceeds that of their ferrocene analogs despite comparable differences between the intrinsic half-wave potentials of the vinylruthenium and the metallocenyl entities and substantially smaller half-wave potential splittings, Δ<i>E</i><sub>1/2</sub>, in the ruthenocene congeners. All experimental results are backed by quantum chemical calculations.