Mitogenomic sequences support a north–south subspecies subdivision within <i>Solenodon paradoxus</i>

<p>Solenodons are insectivores found only in Hispaniola and Cuba, with a Mesozoic divergence date versus extant mainland mammals. Solenodons are the oldest lineage of living eutherian mammal for which a mitogenome sequence has not been reported. We determined complete mitogenome sequences for six Hispaniolan solenodons (<i>Solenodon paradoxus</i>) using next-generation sequencing. The solenodon mitogenomes were 16,454–16,457 bp long and carried the expected repertoire of genes. A mitogenomic phylogeny confirmed the basal position of solenodons relative to shrews and moles, with solenodon mitogenomes estimated to have diverged from those of other mammals ca. 78 Mya. Control region sequences of solenodons from the northern (<i>n</i> = 3) and southern (<i>n</i> = 5) Dominican Republic grouped separately in a network, with <i>F</i><sub>ST</sub> = 0.72 (<i>p</i> = 0.036) between north and south. This regional genetic divergence supports previous morphological and genetic reports recognizing northern (<i>S. p. paradoxus</i>) and southern (<i>S. p. woodi</i>) subspecies in need of separate conservation plans.</p>