Microcoil NMR Study of the Interactions between Doxepin, β‑Cyclodextrin, and Acetate during Capillary Isotachophoresis

2012-08-21T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Christopher J. Jones Cynthia K. Larive
The capillary isotachophoresis (cITP) separation of the isomers of the tricyclic antidepressant doxepin using β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) as a buffer additive is investigated by online microcoil NMR detection. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is also used to determine the binding constant between the doxepin E and Z geometric isomers and β-CD. Although the doxepin isomers could be easily baseline resolved by CE, their separation by cITP was more challenging due in part to the high concentration of doxepin after cITP-focusing. The use of online <sup>1</sup>H NMR detection allows observation of changes in doxepin dynamics due to formation of the β-CD inclusion complex, changes in the fraction complexed and the intracapillary pH. It also provides novel experimental evidence that a weak complex between β-CD and acetate contributes to its active transport from the leading electrolyte through the sample band to the trailing electrolyte in this cationic cITP separation. The results of these cITP-NMR experiments provide new mechanistic details about the interactions of the buffer counterion acetate with various components of the separation system and have important implications for other analyses based on formation of cyclodextrin inclusion complexes.