Mesenchymal stem cells applied to the inflammatory and proliferative phases of wound healing

<p></p><p>ABSTRACT Wound healing is a process that requires the interaction of various cells in the dermis and epidermis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the action of ADSCs in the treatment of acute wounds in order to understand if application time of the cells results in a difference in healing the first seven days of injury. The stem cells were isolated from adipose tissue of C57BL / 6 mice GFP +. Thus, we used 49 mice C57BL / 6 divided into four groups: Group I (GI / control, n=14); Group II (GII; n=14): ADSCs injected to the d0; Group III (GIII; n=14): ADSCs injected on the 3rd day, and Group IV (GIV; n=7): ADSCs injected day 5(d5). Clinical evaluations were performed on days 0, 3, 5 and 7 and the histopathology on days 5 and 7. In the proposed methodology, the use of ADSCs increased vascularization, formation of granulation tissue, collagen deposition and increases the number of hair follicles in just seven days of evaluation. In addition, the time of application of the cells did not affect significant differences in the inflammatory and the proliferative phase of wound healing skin.</p><p></p>