Measuring Open Access in Finland

2017-11-27T14:01:23Z (GMT) by Jyrki Ilva
The Finnish Open Access monitoring efforts are integrated with the national data collection conducted by CSC for the Ministry of Education and Culture. The publication data collected from the CRIS of each participating organization can be browsed at Juuli (, a discovery interface developed by the National Library of Finland.

Starting from 2016, two separate fields have been used for indicating the OA status of each publication. One of the fields indicates whether the publication is OA via a Gold or a Hybrid channel, and the second field is used for indicating whether it has been deposited into a repository.

The OA definition used in the data collection has been made as clear as possible:

• The publication should be at least free to read
• Gold/Hybrid and Green OA are all accepted
• Embargoes are allowed for Green OA
• Depositing into an institutional or a subject-based repository is OK, but papers available at sites like Research Gate or don’t count
• The OA version must be peer-reviewed to qualify

According to the current dataset for the year 2016, 28.9 % of all peer-reviewed articles produced within the Finnish universities were reported as being OA. The amount of overlap between Gold/Hybrid and Green OA was higher than expected - about 60 % of the articles deposited into repositories were already OA via Gold/Hybrid channels. The share of OA articles was highest within the natural sciences (36 %) and lowest in engineering and technology (21 %).