Making Sense of Sounds: valence and arousal scores

Valence and arousal scores for affect-judgments taken from Warriner et al. (2013). Note that the descriptive words 'howling', 'strained', 'threatening', and 'unsettled' were not included in Warriner et al. (2013) so the scores for 'howl', 'strain', 'threat', and 'restless' were used instead. <div><br></div><div>Warriner, A. B., Kuperman, V., & Brysbaert, M. (2013). Norms of valence, arousal, and dominance for 13,915 English lemmas. <i>Behavior research methods</i>, <i>45</i>(4), 1191-1207.<br></div>