Long-term outcomes of over 8,000 medial Oxford Phase 3 Unicompartmental Knees—a systematic review

Background and purpose — There is debate as to the relative merits of unicompartmental and total knee arthroplasty (UKA, TKA). Although the designer surgeons have achieved good results with the Oxford UKA there is concern over the reproducibility of these outcomes. Therefore, we evaluated published long-term outcomes of the Oxford Phase 3 UKA.

Patients and methods — We searched databases to identify studies reporting ≥10 year outcomes of the medial Oxford Phase 3 UKA. Revision, non-revision, and re-operation rates were calculated per 100 component years (% pa).

Results — 15 studies with 8,658 knees were included. The annual revision rate was 0.74% pa (95% CI 0.67–0.81, n = 8,406) corresponding to a 10-year survival of 93% and 15-year survival of 89%. The non-revision re-operation rate was 0.19% pa (95% CI 0.13–0.25, n = 3,482). The re-operation rate was 0.89% pa (95% CI 0.77–1.02, n = 3,482). The most common causes of revision were lateral disease progression (1.42%), aseptic loosening (1.25%), bearing dislocation (0.58%), and pain (0.57%) (n = 8,658). Average OKS scores were 40 at 10 years (n = 3,417). The incidence of medical complications was 0.83% (n = 1,443).

Interpretation — Very good outcomes were achieved by both designer and non-designer surgeons. The PROMs, medical complication rate, and non-revision re-operation rate were better than those found in meta-analyses and publications for TKA but the revision rate was higher. However, if failure is considered to be all re-operations and not just revisions, then the failure rate of UKA was less than that of TKA.