Kinetics of Solid State Photodimerization of 1,4-Dimethyl-2-pyridinone in its Molecular Compound

The [4 + 4] photodimerization of 1,4-dimethyl-2-pyridinone (<b>A</b>) in its molecular compound with 1,1,6,6-tetraphenyl-2,4-hexadiyne-1,6-diol (<b>I</b>) was investigated by irradiation of a single crystal of the compound. The conversion to the product in a single-crystal to single-crystal transformation enabled the determination of its crystal structure after each exposure cycle of 10−20 min with a pulsed 355 nm laser light. The unit cell changes as a function of the conversion were monitored and showed monotonic changes. The kinetics of the reaction was studied at two different temperatures (230 and 280 K) and revealed a sigmoidal behavior that could be explained by the JMAK model for crystal growth with a mechanism that is intermediate between random distribution of products in the crystal and the existence of growing nuclei. The Arrhenius plot provided calculated activation energy of 32.5 kJ/mol.