Interprofessional collaboration and the care and management of type 2 diabetic patients in the Middle East: A systematic review

2018-05-16T05:32:42Z (GMT) by J. M. Johnson R. Carragher
<p>The World Health Organization has ranked the Middle East (ME) as the second most prevalent region globally for type 2 diabetes. Currently, treatment options initiated by physicians focus mainly on pharmaceuticals; however, lifestyle factors also have a tremendous impact on a patient’s wellness or illness. A potential solution to this issue is to use an interprofessional team approach when caring for this patient population. The purpose of this systematic review is to look at the present literature involving the use of an interprofessional team approach to the care and maintenance of people with type 2 diabetes in the ME. A PRISMA flow diagram demonstrates the authors’ literature search and screening process. The systematic review includes nine studies with mixed-methodologies performed in the Middle Eastern region in an outpatient or primary care setting, and demonstrates the use of interprofessional collaboration when providing care for type 2 diabetic patients. A meta-analysis was not included due to the heterogeneity of the studies; however, data analysis is discussed and results are demonstrated through an extraction tool developed by the authors based on The Cochrane Collaboration’s data collection form. The aim of this review is to construct meaning surrounding the use and effectiveness of this collaborative approach with the adult and geriatric Middle Eastern diabetic patient population. Recommendations include continued support from multiple healthcare professions, involving nurses, pharmacists, dietitians, and physicians to promote holistic and patient-centred-care leading to fewer type 2 diabetes complications and hospital admissions.</p>