Infection of ectocervical tissue explants with HIV-1<sub>BaL</sub>.

<p>Infection of ectocervical explants with HIV-1<sub>BaL</sub> was independently performed after seminal plasma (SP) 25% treatment (post-SP,red), or in the presence of SP25% (SP-mix, blue) (see <a href="http://www.plospathogens.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006402#ppat.1006402.s001" target="_blank">S1B Fig</a>). In selected experiments, explants infected in the presence of SP were treated with lamivudine (3TC) 10μM throughout culture time. <b>A)</b> Kinetics of HIV-1<sub>BaL</sub> replication in explants treated with SP (colored line) or culture medium (CM) (black line). Virus replication was evaluated as p24<sub>gag</sub> concentration in explant culture medium over 18 days. Represented are mean values with s.e.m. (n = 9 for post-SP; n = 8 for SP-mix; n = 3 for SP-mix+3TC). <b>B)</b> Cumulative p24<sub>gag</sub> production over culture time. Lines connect measurements obtained from donor-matched explants. <b>C)</b> N-fold change in cumulative p24<sub>gag</sub> production in SP-treated explants compared to donor-matched untreated explants. Bars indicate median values. p<0.05 denotes a significant difference with CM (Wilcoxon signed rank test). <b>D)</b> HIV-1 DNA quantification in explants infected with a mix of HIV and SP or CM, cultured in the presence or the absence of 3TC, and harvested at the end of culture (day18). HIV-1 DNA copy numbers were normalized to the amount of the single-copy gene <i>HBB</i>. Lines connect measurements obtained from donor-matched explants. <b>E)</b> N-fold change in HIV-1 DNA copy numbers in SP-treated explants compared to donor-matched untreated explants. The bar indicates median value. p<0.05 denotes a significant difference with CM (Wilcoxon signed rank test).</p>