Improvement of a physical model for blockage formation of solid–liquid mixture flow with freezing for core safety evaluation of SFRs
The SIMMER code has been developed to analyze event progression during core disruptive accidents (CDAs) in sodium-cooled fast reactors. One of the key phenomena during CDAs is the discharge of molten fuel from the core region which reduces the reactivity effectively. The discharge flow is inhibited by blockage formation due to freezing of the molten fuel. Then, the blockage formation is enhanced by unmolten fuel which forms solid–liquid mixture flow with the molten fuel. A physical model for blockage formation of solid–liquid mixture flow with freezing in the SIMMER code is improved in this study to dissolve some inconsistencies between the modeling and the physical phenomena involved in the solid–liquid mixture flow with freezing for more precise evaluation of CDA. The improved model is validated with a systematical procedure through a benchmark analysis of an experiment. Consequently, experimental penetration behaviors are simulated reasonably by the SIMMER code analysis with the improved model while excessive blockage formation occurred in the analysis with the original model.