Highly Efficient Heterogeneous Hydroformylation over Rh-Metalated Porous Organic Polymers: Synergistic Effect of High Ligand Concentration and Flexible Framework

A series of diphosphine ligand constructed porous polymers with stable and flexible frameworks have been successfully synthesized under the solvothermal conditions from polymerizing the corresponding vinyl-functionalized diphosphine monomers. These insoluble porous polymers can be swollen by a wide range of organic solvents, showing similar behavior to those of soluble analogues. Rather than just as immobilizing homogeneous catalysts, these porous polymers supported with Rh species demonstrate even better catalytic performance in the hydroformylations than the analogue homogeneous catalysts. The sample extraordinary performance could be attributed to the combination of high ligand concentration and flexible framework of the porous polymers. Meanwhile, they can be easily separated and recycled from the reaction systems without losing any activity and selectivity. This excellent catalytic performance and easy recycling heterogeneous catalyst property make them be very attractive. These diphosphine ligand constructed porous polymers may provide new platforms for the hydroformylation of olefins in the future.