Haemodynamic effects of prenatal caffeine on the cardiovascular transition in ventilated preterm lambs - Fig 3

<p>Mean (<b>a</b>), systolic (<b>b</b>) and diastolic (<b>c</b>) carotid artery blood pressure in caffeine treated (grey dots) and control (black squares) lambs. The figure shows mean± SEM values at different time points during the experiment: before caffeine/ saline infusion; after caffeine/ saline infusion; before cord clamping (CC); after CC; before sustained inflation (SI); after SI; 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 minutes after ventilation onset. # indicates significant difference compared to “before CC” (grey within caffeine group, black within saline group). + indicates significant difference compared to “after SI” (grey within caffeine group, black within saline group).</p>