Greener approach: Ionic liquid [Et3NH][HSO4]-catalyzed multicomponent synthesis of 4-arylidene-2-phenyl-5(4H)oxazolones under solvent-free condition

We have developed simple, greener, safer multicomponent synthesis series of 4-arylidene-2-phenyl-5(4H) oxazolones 4(a-r) catalyzed by Bronsted acid ionic liquid as triethylammonium hydrogen sulfate [Et3NH][HSO4] and catalytic amount of acetic anhydride and sodium acetate with excellent yields (90–99%). The protocol offers economical, environmentally benign, solvent-free conditions, and recycle–reuse of the catalyst and easily available starting as benzoyl chloride 1, amino acid 2 and a variety of aldehydes 3. The cyclization followed by condensation of benzoyl chloride, amino acid, and a variety of aldehydes catalyzed by ILs [Et3NH][HSO4] and catalytic amount of acetic anhydride and sodium acetate. The final products were confirmed by their characterization data such as FTIR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, Mass, high-resolution mass spectra and were compared with its reported method.