Global biomass density of potential wild large grazers for present-day and the last glacial maximum, simulated by a DGVM model

Large herbivores are a major agent in ecosystems, influencing vegetation structure and carbon and nutrient flows. Yet most of the current global dynamic vegetation models (DGVMs) lack explicit representation of large herbivores. Here we incorporated a grazing module in the ORCHIDEE-MICT DGVM based on physiological and demographic equations for wild large grazers, taking into account the feedbacks of large grazers on vegetation. The model was applied globally for present-day and the last glacial maximum (LGM). Three NetCDF files are included, corresponding to the model results for three periods: present-day (1960-2009 average), pre-industrial (1860-1899 average), and the last glacial maximum (ca. 21 ka before present). Variables include the modeled potential grazer biomass/population density, along with the directly relevant outputs: vegetation distribution (i.e. fractional coverage of the plant functional types), and gross and net primary productivity. Detailed model descriptions and the simulation setup can be found in: Zhu et al. (2018).

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CC BY 4.0