Functionalization of P3HT with Various Mono- and Multidentate Anchor Groups

<div><p>Due to its favorable optoelectronic properties and the accessibility via Grignard metathesis (GRIM) polymerization, poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) is one of the most applied conjugated polymers. The ‘living' nature of GRIM polymerization enables the modification of the polymer and the installation of desired properties. In the present study, two versatile approaches for the synthesis of anchor group-modified P3HT have been developed, which enable the functionalization of various inorganic nanoparticles. Depending on the polymerization conditions, mono- and bifunctional ethynyl-terminated P3HT or solely monofunctionalized aldehyde-terminated P3HT was synthesized. Afterwards, the quantitative introduction of amine, mono- and multidentate disulfide and catechol anchor groups was performed by copper-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition or via imine formation reactions. The influence of the polymeric ligand structure on the functionalization of nanoparticles was then investigated for CdSe@ZnS quantum dots and TiO2 nanorods by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and infrared (IR) spectroscopy.</p></div>