First Enantioselective Synthesis of Vinyl Oxiranes from Aldehydes and Ylides Generated from Allyl Halides and Chiral Sulfides

Asymmetric allylidenation of aldehydes with sulfur ylides is possible with proper substitution of the initial sulfide, to avoid the [2,3] sigmatropic rearrangement of the unsaturated ylides. One-pot reaction of (2R,5R)-dimethylthiolane with allyl halides, aldehydes, and sodium hydroxide in tert-butyl alcohol affords vinyl oxiranes in good yields. Enantiomeric excesses up to 90% and trans selectivities have been achieved with methallyl-type halides.