Figure S4 from Regulation of valve interstitial cell homeostasis by mechanical deformation: implications for heart valve disease and surgical repair

Projected 2D planes at key kinematic states for a flat-ring surgical repair: β<sub>0</sub>: <i>in vitro</i> mechanical testing configuration termed “free floating state”, β<sub>2</sub>: <i>ex vivo</i> state (heart removed), β<sub>0</sub>: <i>in vivo</i> pressure-loaded state. λ<sub>C</sub> and λ<sub>R</sub> denote the circumferential and radial tissue level deformations between the different kinematic states.