Factors associated with Specific Hypertensive Gestation Syndrome (SHGS) in postpartum adolescent and young adult mothers in the Northeast of Brazil: a multiple analysis of hierarchical models

<div><p>Abstract Objectives: to analyze possible associations between Specific Hypertensive Gestation Syndrome (SHGS) and sociodemographic, prenatal, and delivery characteristics of young adult and teenage mothers. Methods: a hospital-based cross-sectional study and regional level, gathered from 54 municipalities in the Northeast region of Brazil from 2011-2012, using records from the National Survey, "Born in Brazil". A theoretical conceptual model with three-level hierarchy was established, with SHGS being the outcome variable. A multivariate analysis was performed from the bivariate analysis and p-value, with a significance of < 0.2 by the Wald test. Results: of the 2,960 adolescents and young adults included in the study, 135 (4.6%) developed HSP. The mothers without a partner had 50% (OR=1.53) greater chance of presenting this pathology; while those without adequate schooling for age presented 90% higher chance (OR = 1.86) and those with a prior clinical risk factor, the chance of presenting the outcome was 21 times the chance of those without this antecedent (OR = 21.72). Conclusions: significant associations were identified between SHGS and postpartum adolescents and young adults without a partner, with low schooling and prior clinical risk, signaling the importance of investments in the quality of prenatal care and labor of the most vulnerable groups.</p></div>