Faceting-Controlled Zeeman Splitting in Plasmonic TiO2 Nanocrystals

Dynamic manipulation of discrete states in nanostructured materials is critical for emerging quantum technologies. However, this process often requires a correlation of mutually competing degrees of freedom. Here we report the control of magnetic-field-induced excitonic splitting in colloidal TiO2 nanocrystals by control of their faceting. By changing nanocrystal morphology via reaction conditions, we control the concentration and location of oxygen vacancies, which can generate localized surface plasmon resonance and foster the reduction of lattice cations leading to the emergence of individual or exchange-coupled Ti­(III) centers with high net-spin states. These species can all couple with the nanocrystal lattice under different conditions resulting in distinctly patterned excitonic Zeeman splitting and selective control of conduction band states in an external magnetic field. This work demonstrates the concept of using nanocrystal morphology to control carrier polarization in individual nanocrystals using both intrinsic and collective electronic properties, representing a unique approach to multifunctionality in reduced dimensions.