Evaluating the Impact of Spatial Frequencies on the Perception of Gender

2016-07-12T18:17:06Z (GMT) by Jake Kurczek Clark Ohnesorge
Kurczek, J. & Ohnesorge, C. (2010, August). Evaluating the Impact of Spatial Frequencies on the Perception of Gender. <i>Poster presentation at the Annual Summer Interdisciplinary Conference (ASIC)</i>, Bend, OR.<div> <div> <div> <div> <p><br></p><p>Face perception is fundamentally important for judging the characteristics of individuals, such <br> as identification of their gender, age, ethnicity or expression (Webster, Kaping, Mizokami, &<br> Duhamel, 2004). It has been hypothesized that gender perception takes place in higher level visual processing areas. Little, DeBruine, & Jones (2005) suggest that distinct neural<br> populations may code for subcategories of faces for which expertise-derived configural<br> processing is equivalent (i.e. male and female faces). They suggest that visual after-effects<br> are thought to reflect changes in the responses of neural mechanisms underlying face<br> processing and cannot be attributed to retinal (i.e. lower level) adaptations, as the after-effects<br> are robust to difference in the retinal location and size of faces at exposure and post-exposure<br> testing (Little, DeBruine, & Jones, 2005). In a study by Webster et al. (2004) categorical<br> perception of faces was examined based on gender, ethnicity and expression. Observers<br> made forced choice responses to categorize images along the continuum, for example<br> responding to whether a face from a gender morph appeared “female” or “male.” The<br> boundary for gender represents an androgynous image intermediate to the female and male<br> exemplars and could be set consistently by observers. However, after adapting to a male<br> face, the previously ambiguous image appeared distinctly feminine. Conversely, adaptation to<br> the female face induced the opposite changes. This effect is similar to results found in visual<br> after-effect studies. In a different investigation by Cellarino, Borghetti, and Sartucci (2004), the effect of pixilation on gender identification was conducted. As the photos became more pixilated the male faces were identified correctly more frequently than the female faces. This can be inferred to mean that male faces are composed of more lower frequencies since the pixilation wipes out the higher frequencies. The combination of these findings may suggest that the perception of gender can be influenced by lower level processes such as spatial frequency processing. </p></div></div> </div> </div>