Erratum: Anemia of Chronic Disease in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Case-Control Study of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Responses

<i>Background:</i> Anemia may be present in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and further impair their functional capacity. <i>Objectives:</i> This study investigated the prevalence of anemia of chronic disease (ACD) in COPD patients and its impact on dyspnea and exercise capacity, utilizing cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). <i>Methods:</i> ACD prevalence was assessed in 283 consecutive patients with stable COPD (263 males, 60 females; age 60.31 ± 5.34 years; percent forced expiratory volume in 1 s 46.94 ± 6.12). ACD diagnosis was based on a combination of clinical and laboratory parameters [hemoglobin (Hb) <13 g/dl for males, <12 g/dl for females; ferritin >30 ng/ml; total iron-binding capacity <250 µg/dl, and transferrin saturation rate between 15 and 50%]. Twenty-seven patients who were identified with ACD (cases) and 27 matched nonanemic patients (controls) completed maximal CPET, and data were compared between the groups. <i>Results:</i> ACD was diagnosed in 29 patients, which represents a prevalence of 10.24%; the severity of anemia was generally mild (mean Hb: 12.19 ± 0.66 g/dl). Patients with ACD had a higher Medical Research Council dyspnea score compared to controls (2.78 ± 0.44 vs. 2.07 ± 0.55; p <0.001) and lower peak O<sub>2</sub> uptake (VO<sub>2</sub>) (59.54 ± 17.17 vs. 71.26 ± 11.85% predicted; p <0.05), peak work rate (54.94 ± 21.42 vs. 68.72 ± 20.81% predicted; p <0.05) and peak VO<sub>2</sub>/heart rate (69.07 ± 17.26 vs. 82.04 ± 18.22% predicted; p <0.05). There was also a trend for a lower anaerobic threshold (48.48 ± 15.16 vs. 55.42 ± 9.99% predicted; p = 0.062). No exercise parameter indicative of respiratory limitation differed between the groups. <i>Conclusions:</i> ACD occurs in approximately 10% of stable COPD patients and has a negative impact on dyspnea and circulatory efficiency during exercise.