Enhancement of Ferroelectricity for Orthorhombic (Tb0.861Mn0.121)MnO3−δ by Copper Doping

Copper-doped (Tb0.861Mn0.121)­MnO3−δ has been synthesized by the conventional solid state reaction method. X-ray, neutron, and electron diffraction data indicate that they crystallize in Pnma space group at room temperature. Two magnetic orderings are found for this series by neutron diffraction. One is the ICAM (incommensurate canted antiferromagnetic) ordering of Mn with a wave vector qMn = (∼0.283, 0, 0) with a ≈ 5.73 Å, b ≈ 5.31 Å, and c ≈ 7.41 Å, and the other is the CAM (canted antiferromagnetic) ordering of both Tb and Mn in the magnetic space group Pna21′ with a ≈ 5.73 Å, b ≈ 5.31 Å, and c ≈ 7.41 Å. A dielectric peak around 40 K is found for the samples doped with Cu, which is higher than that for orthorhombic TbMnO3.