Effect of Opening Geometry on the Heat Transfer Characteristics for External Flames Impinging on an Exterior Wall

<div><p>The heat transfer characteristics of external flames impinging on an exterior vertical wall have been investigated experimentally. The external flame was produced by the combustion of liquid fuel n-heptane in a compartment and then ejected from the compartment opening. The effect of opening geometry on the heat flux distribution is studied. Results indicate that the opening aspect ratio, which is defined as the ratio of opening height to width, has great influence on the heat flux distribution on the exterior wall. With increasing the opening width, the external flame inclines to the wall side and becomes shallower, which improves the heat transfer to the wall. A correlation is developed for correlating the heat flux to the flame height.</p> </div>