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Effect of Co-Mo catalyst preparation and CH4/H2 flow on carbon nanotube synthesis

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posted on 10.04.2020 by Egor V. Lobiak, Viktoriia R. Kuznetsova, Emmanuel Flahaut, Alexander V. Okotrub, Lyubov G. Bulusheva

Supported Co-Mo catalysts with a given ratio of metals were prepared from polyoxomolybdate Mo12O282-OH)12{Со(H2O)3}4 using impregnation and combustion methods. Effects of the type of catalyst and the ratio and flow of methane and hydrogen gases on the structure of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) synthesized by catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) method were studied using transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. The catalyst prepared by combustion method yielded mainly individualized CNTs, while the CNTs were highly entangled or bundled when impregnation method was used. In both cases, addition of hydrogen to methane led to reduction of the CNT yield. The samples synthesized using two different catalysts and the same CH4/H2 ratio and flow of gases were tested in electrochemical capacitors. A higher specific surface area of the CNTs grown over impregnation-prepared catalyst caused a better performance at scan rates from 2 to 1000 mV/s.

Funding

The work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant № 18-33-01053). Mrs V.R. Kuznetsova thanks grant № 004 – НСГ-19 from Novosibirsk State Technical University.

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