Discovery and Optimization of a Series of Pyrimidine-Based Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) Inhibitors through Fragment Screening, Structure-Based Design, and Parallel Synthesis

Screening of a fragment library for PDE10A inhibitors identified a low molecular weight pyrimidine hit with PDE10A <i>K</i><sub>i</sub> of 8700 nM and LE of 0.59. Initial optimization by catalog followed by iterative parallel synthesis guided by X-ray cocrystal structures resulted in rapid potency improvements with minimal loss of ligand efficiency. Compound <b>15h</b>, with PDE10A <i>K</i><sub>i</sub> of 8.2 pM, LE of 0.49, and >5000-fold selectivity over other PDEs, fully attenuates MK-801-induced hyperlocomotor activity after ip dosing.