Diastereoselective Imine-Bond Formation through Complementary Double-Helix Formation

Optically active amidine dimer strands having a variety of chiral and achiral linkers with different stereostructures are synthesized and used as templates for diastereoselective imine-bond formations between two achiral carboxylic acid monomers bearing a terminal aldehyde group and racemic 1,2-cyclohexanediamine, resulting in a preferred-handed double helix stabilized by complementary salt bridges. The diastereoselectivity of the racemic amine is significantly affected by the chirality of the amidine residues along with the rigidity and/or chirality of the linkers in the templates. NMR and kinetic studies reveal that the present imine-bond formation involves a two-step reversible reaction. The second step involves formation of a preferred-handed complementary double helix assisted by the chiral amidine templates and determines the overall reaction rate and diastereoselectivity of the amine.