Design of Laccase–Metal Organic Framework-Based Bioelectrodes for Biocatalytic Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Laccase in combination with 2,2′-azino-bis­(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) as a mediator is a well-known bioelectrocatalyst for the 4-electron oxygen reduction reactions (ORR). The present work deals with the first exploitation of mesoporous iron­(III) trimesate-based metal organic frameworks (MOF) MIL-100­(Fe) (MIL stands for materials from Institut Lavoisier) as a new and efficient immobilization matrix of laccase for the building up of biocathodes for ORR. First, the immobilization of ABTS in the pores of the MOF was studied by combining micro-Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), and N<sub>2</sub> porosimetry. The ABTS-MIL-100­(Fe)-based modified electrode presents excellent properties in terms of charge transfer kinetics and ionic conductivity as well as a very stable and reproducible electrochemical response, showing that MIL-100­(Fe) provides a suitable and stabilizing microenvironment for electroactive ABTS molecules. In a second step, laccase was further immobilized on the MIL-100­(Fe)-ABTS matrix. The Lac-ABTS-MIL-100­(Fe)-CIE bioelectrode presents a high electrocatalytic current density of oxygen reduction and a reproducible electrochemical response characterized by a high stability over a long period of time (3 weeks). These results constitute a significant advance in the field of laccase-based bioelectrocatalysts for ORR. According to our work, it appears that the high catalytic efficiency of Lac-ABTS-MIL-100­(Fe) for ORR may result from a synergy of chemical and catalytic properties of MIL-100­(Fe) and laccase.