Dephytinization of food stuffs by phytase of <i>Geobacillus</i> sp. TF16 immobilized in chitosan and calcium-alginate

<p>In this work, <i>Geobacillus</i> sp. TF16 phytase was separately immobilized in chitosan and Ca-alginate with the efficiency of 38% and 42%, respectively. These enzymes exhibited broad substrate specificity. Maximal relative phytase activity was measured at pH 5.0 and 95°C and pH 3.0 and 75°C for chitosan and Ca-alginate, respectively. The enzymes were highly stable in a wide pH and temperature range. Values of <i>K</i><sub>m</sub> and <i>V</i><sub>max</sub> were determined as 2.38 mM and 3401.36 U/mg protein for chitosan, and 7.5 mM and 5011.12 U/mg protein for Ca-alginate. The immobilized enzymes showed higher resistance to proteolysis. After 4 h incubation, hydrolysis capacities of chitosan- and Ca-alginate immobilized enzymes for soymilk phytate were calculated as 24% and 33%, respectively. The chitosan- and Ca-alginate immobilized phytases conserved its original activity after 8 and 6 cycles of reuse, respectively. The features of the enzymes were very attractive and they might be useful for some industrial applications.</p>