Density Functional Study on the Adsorption of 5‑Membered N‑Heterocycles on B/N/BN-Doped Graphene: Coronene as a Model System

2018-12-06T09:13:33Z (GMT) by Bapan Saha Pradip Kr. Bhattacharyya
Adsorption of seven 5-membered N-heterocycles on B/N/BN-doped graphene (with coronene as a model system) has been studied using density functional theory (DFT). The geometry of the complexes validated the involvement of both π···π stacking and N–H···π interaction in the adsorption process. The stability of the complexes is measured in terms of stabilization energy, and the results suggested that the complexes are stable enough (stabilization energies are in the range of 7.61–14.77 kcal mol<sup>–1</sup>). Studies confirmed the stability of complexes in the solvent phase too irrespective of the dielectric of the solvent. Dispersive force is the major mode of interaction in stabilizing the complexes. Natural bond orbital analysis indicated a small contribution from electrostatic and covalent interactions. Thermochemical analysis revealed that the complexation is exothermic in nature and favorable at a lower temperature. Adsorption of N-heterocycles exerts a nominal impact on the electronic properties of the undoped/doped graphene. The study presents a simple approach to introduce an arbitrary functionality to undoped/doped graphene by preserving its electronic properties.