Dataset for: Assessing the influence of rater and subject characteristics on measures of agreement for ordinal ratings
2017-07-17T16:31:27Z (GMT) by
Widespread inconsistencies are commonly observed between physicians' ordinal classifications in screening tests results such as mammography. These discrepancies have motivated large-scale agreement studies where many raters contribute ratings. The primary goal of these studies is to identify factors related to physicians and patients' test results which may lead to stronger consistency between raters’ classifications. While ordered categorical scales are frequently used to classify screening test results, very few statistical approaches exist to model agreement between multiple raters. Here we develop a flexible and comprehensive approach to assess the influence of rater and subject characteristics on agreement between multiple raters' ordinal classifications in large-scale agreement studies. Our approach is based upon the class of generalized linear mixed models. Novel summary model-based measures are proposed to assess agreement between all, or a subgroup of raters, such as experienced physicians. Hypothesis tests are described to formally identify factors such as physicians' level of experience that play an important role in improving consistency of ratings between raters. We demonstrate how unique characteristics of individual raters can be assessed via conditional modes generated during the modeling process. Simulation studies are presented to demonstrate the performance of the proposed methods and summary measure of agreement. The methods are applied to a large-scale mammography agreement study to investigate the effects of rater and patient characteristics on the strength of agreement between radiologists.