Data Paper. Data Paper

<h2>File List</h2><blockquote> <p><a href="spp_data.csv">spp_data.csv</a> -- data set comma-separated ASCII text file, 242 records, 54kb.</p> <p><a href="distributions_potential.zip">distributions_potential.zip</a> -- ASCII grid files of the species potential distributions. Individual files are compressed with gzip. All files are contained and further compressed using ZIP. 1,422,735,271 bytes. </p> <p><a href="distributions_realized.zip">distributions_realized.zip</a> -- ASCII grid files of the species realized distributions. Individual files are compressed with gzip. All files are contained and further compressed using ZIP. 1,377,274,521 bytes. </p> <p><a href="distributions_images.zip">distributions_images.zip</a> -- PNG image files of the species potential and realized distributions. All files are contained and compressed using ZIP. 34,795,911 bytes.</p> <p><a href="RealizedDistMatrix.csv">RealizedDistMatrix.csv</a> -- data set comma-separated ASCII text file, 202 records, 20,742 bytes.</p> <p><a href="subregion_shapefile.zip">subregion_shapefile.zip</a> -- polygon shapefile of biogeographical subregions with all necessary files contained and compressed using ZIP. 685,449 bytes. </p> <p><a href="phylogenies.zip">phylogenies.zip</a> -- Nexis files (*.nex) and pdf images of phylogenies for each of the broad groups of taxa in the data table. Compressed using ZIP. 32,306 bytes. </p> </blockquote><h2>Description</h2><blockquote> <p>The purpose of this data set was to compile distributional, general life history characteristics and phylogenies for Australian tropical rain forest vertebrates to inform a wide range of comparative studies on the determinants of biodiversity patterns and to assess the impacts of global climate change. We provide three distinct data sets: (1) a table of species-specific distributional and life history traits for 242 vertebrate species found in the rain forests of the Australian Wet Tropics; (2) species distribution maps (GIS raster files) for 202 of the species displaying both the realized and potential distributions; and (3) phylogenies for these species. These species represent 93 birds, 31 amphibians, 31 mammals (including 1 monotreme), and 47 reptiles. Where information exists, the distributional and life history data compiled here presents information on: indices of environmental specialization (ENFA), habitat specialization, average body mass and size, sexual dimorphism, reproductive characteristics such as age at first reproduction, clutch/litter size, number of reproductive bouts per year and breeding seasonality, longevity, time of day when most active, and dispersal ability; distributional characteristics such as range size (potential and realized for both total and core ranges) and observed ranges in temperature, precipitation, and elevation; and niche attributes such as environmental marginality and specialization. The distribution maps provided represent a combination of presence-only ecological niche modeling (using MaxEnt) to estimate the potential distribution of a species followed by biogeographic clipping by expert opinion based on extensive field data and a subregional classification relevant to the topography and biogeographic history of the region to produce best-possible estimates of the realized distribution. Our assemblage contains many species with a shared evolutionary history and thus many analyses of these data will need to account for phylogeny. Although a comprehensive phylogeny with branch length information does not exist for this diverse group of species, we present a best-estimate composite phylogeny constructed primarily from recently published molecular phylogenies of included groups.</p> <p><i>Key words: distribution; life history; rain forest vertebrates; Australia Wet Tropics</i>.</p> </blockquote>