DRY MATTER OBTAINIMENT METHOD AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ROUGHAGES
Abstract It was aimed determinate the influence of drying methods on nutritional composition of different roughages. The experimental material were four grass species (Urochloa brizantha cv. Marandu, Urochloa brizantha cv. MG4, Cynodon dactylon cv. Coastcross e Panicum maximum cv. Áries), one forage legume (Stylosanthes cv. Campo Grande) and two silages (Zea mays e Triticum aestivum cv. BRS Umbu). The drying methods were based on use of forced air oven or microwave oven. The experimental design were a 2 x 8 factorial arrangement (2 drying methods and 8 roughages) with 4 repetitions. There was no effect of drying method on roughages dry matter content. Microwave oven drying increased neutral detergent fiber. There was an interaction between drying method and evaluated roughage. Increased contents of crude protein (estilosante), neutral detergent insoluble nitrogen (Coastcross, MG4, Marandu e estilosante) and ether extract (MG4, estilosante e Áries) were observed when roughages were dried using microwave oven. The microwave oven usage is an alternative to obtain the dry matter content of roughages; however this technic may affect the sample composition.