Contribution of production and seed variables to the genetic divergence in passion fruit under different nutrient availabilities

Abstract: The objective of this work was to evaluate the relative contribution of variables related to fruit production and to seed morphophysiological characteristics to the genetic divergence in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) progenies, aiming at selecting progenies potentially responsive to fertilization. Ten progenies were evaluated under conditions of low (50% of the recommended dose of fertilizers) and high soil fertility (dose 50% higher than the recommended one), regarding variable sets related to production and to the morphological and physiological characteristics of seeds. The association between these sets was determined by the canonical correlation analysis and by the nearest-neighbor clustering method. The nutritional environments interfered in the relative contribution of the variables to the genetic divergence of the progenies. The accelerated aging test of seeds - from the set of seed physiological quality - did not contribute significantly to the selection of genotypes responsive to soil fertilization. The most responsive progenies to the increased availability of nutrients were grouped according to the production variables that were evaluated under high soil fertility. Irrespectively of the evaluated environment, the set of production variables is the one that contributes more expressively to the identification of the genetic divergence of passion fruit progenies.