Computational Estimate of the Photophysical Capabilities of Four Series of Organometallic Iron(II) Complexes

In this study, we examine a large range of organometallic iron­(II) complexes with the aim of computationally identifying the most promising ones in terms of photophysical properties. These complexes combine polypyridine, bis­(phosphine), and carbon-bound ligands. Density functional theory has allowed us to establish a comparative Jablonski diagram displaying the lowest singlet, triplet, and quintet states. All of the proposed FeN5C or FeN3P2C complexes unfavorably possess a lowest triplet state of metal-centered (MC) nature. Among the FeN4C2 and FeN2P2C2 series, the carbene complexes display the least favorable excited-state distribution, also having a low-lying 3MC state. Validating our design strategy, we are now able to propose seven iron­(II) complexes displaying a lowest excited state of triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer nature.