Complete sequence and polymorphisms of female <i>Ruditapes philippinarum</i> (Mollusca: Bivalvia) mitochondria genome

<p>Mitogenome of female <i>Ruditapes philippinarum</i> organism was sequenced, and genomic variation and phylogeny were examined in this study. Length of the mitogenome was 22 089 bp showing 94.28% of sequence identity with previously reported sequence. Total 707 single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs, were detected and 50 residues were non-synonymous SNPs among the 202 SNPs in protein-coding genes. Deleted genomic fragments with of 265 bp and 322 bp were observed in non-coding regions, <i>ND2</i> to <i>ND4L</i> and <i>ND4L</i> to <i>tRNA<sup>Ile</sup></i>, respectively. Phylogenic analysis confirmed that used organisms were female <i>R. philippinarum</i>, and the species has closer evolutionary distance with genus <i>Paphia</i> rather than genus <i>Meretrix</i>. Our finding will be help to set an insight for population and evolutionary genomics of Veneroida clams as well as application to marine industry.</p>