Cities and Biodiversity Outlook: Action and Policy

Published by the Seceretariat of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, this is the first part of a Global Assessment of the Links between Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Services. The authors listed here are the Lead Authors of this report which draws upon contributions from a number of other contributing authors. The citation format for this publication is as follows:

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2012) Cities and Biodiversity Outlook. Montreal, 64 pages.

© Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Cities and Biodiversity Outlook (ISBN 92-9225-432-2 is an open access publication, subject to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (

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Cities and Biodiversity Outlook is freely available online:

An annotated version of the publication with complete references is also available from the website. Users may download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy text, figures, graphs and photos from Cities and Biodiversity Outlook, so long as the original source is credited. The designations employed and the presentation of material in Cities and Biodiversity Outlook do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.