Chemical components of Hyssopus seravshanicus: antioxidant activity, activations of melanogenesis and tyrosinase, and quantitative determination by UPLC-DAD
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Hyssopus seravshanicus (Dubj.) Pazij has been used as traditional herb and food due to its wide biological properties. Seventeen known compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data and comparison with published data. Among them, 14 ones were identified from H. seravshanicus for the first time. DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities for crude ethanol extract (CEE), ethyl acetate fraction (EAF), butanol fraction (BF) and compounds 1, 3, 8, 10, 11 and 13 were performed. CEE, compounds 1, 3, 11 and 13 exhibited potent antioxidant activities. Compound 1 was found to increase the melanin content and tyrosinase activity of B16 melanoma cells. Moreover, the quantitative estimation of compound 1 in the ethyl acetate fraction was carried out by UPLC-DAD and the method was validated. This is the first report on the isolation and bioactivity research on the non-valotile components of H. seravshanicus.