Cationic (η5‑C5Me4R)RhIII Complexes with Metalated Aryl Phosphines Featuring η4‑Phosphorus plus Pseudo-Allylic Coordination

In this contribution we study experimentally and computationally some electrophilic cationic (η5-C5Me4R)­RhIII complexes containing a cyclometalated bis­(aryl) phosphine, PR′Ar2. The phosphine Ar groups feature methyl substituents at the 2- and 6-positions of the aromatic rings, allowing the formation of the complexes [(η5-C5Me4R)­Rh­(CP)]+ (3+), where the metalated phosphine exhibits η4 coordination to rhodium through phosphorus and the carbon atoms of the adjoining pseudo-allylic functionality. The solution and solid-state structures of complexes 3+ have been studied by NMR and X-ray methods and their electronic properties investigated with the aid of DFT calculations. The Lewis acid behavior of complexes 3+ has also been addressed, concentrating on reactivity toward CO, H2 ,and hydrosilanes. Some catalytic Si–H/Si–D exchange and hydrosilylation reactions are also reported.