Case study results.

(A) Vegetation states of all the parcels on the case study landscape before the algorithm was applied (initial landscape). White parcels are agricultural land, gray parcels are grassland, and the black parcels are forest land. Red parcels are urban and water parcels. The other colors (magenta, cyan, and yellow) overlaid on the map represent the landowner properties (>50 ha in area) that have been registered through INCRA as of November 2015. (B)-(D) Optimal configuration for three highlighted landowner properties on the case study landscape.