Biosorption of Multifold Toxic Heavy Metal Ions from Aqueous Water onto Food Residue Eggshell Membrane Functionalized with Ammonium Thioglycolate

2013-05-29T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Sha Wang Minghong Wei Yuming Huang
A new biosorbent material from eggshell membrane was synthesized through thiol functionalization, which is based on the reduction of disulfide bonds in eggshell membrane by ammonium thioglycolate. The thiol-functionalized eggshell membrane was characterized, and its application as an adsorbent for removal of Cr­(VI), Hg­(II), Cu­(II), Pb­(II), Cd­(II), and Ag­(I) from aqueous water has been investigated. The experimental results revealed that the adsorption abilities of the thiol-functionalized eggshell membrane toward Cr­(VI), Hg­(II), Cu­(II), Pb­(II), Cd­(II), and Ag­(I) improved 1.6-, 5.5-, 7.7-, 12.4-, 12.7-, and 21.1-fold, respectively, compared with that of the eggshell membrane control. The adsorption mechanism and adsorption performance, including the adsorption capacity and the kinetics of the thiol-functionalized eggshell membrane for the target heavy metals, were investigated. The effects of solution pH, coexisting substances, and natural water matrices were studied. The thiol-functionalized eggshell membrane can be used as column packing to fabricate a column for real wastewater purification.