Biomarkers of oxidative stress and protein–protein interaction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

<p><b>Content:</b> The increased oxidative stress in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients is the result of increased inhaled oxidants, generated by various cells of the airways.</p> <p><b>Objective:</b> The investigation included measurements of malondiadehyde (MDA), uric acid, ascorbic acid, and matrix metalloproteinase-12 (MMP-12) in COPD patient. We also performed genetic analysis for protein–protein interaction (PPI) network.</p> <p><b>Materials and methods:</b> The study was conducted on healthy subjects with normal lung function (NS, 14 subjects) and 28 patients (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (Gold) 1 and Gold 2) with COPD.</p> <p><b>Results:</b> There was significant (<i>p</i> < .001) increase in MMP-12, MDA and uric acid levels as compared to healthy controls. A significant (<i>p</i> < .001) decline in ascorbic acid level was observed in COPD patients. The PPI was found to be 0.833 which indicated that proteins present in COPD are linked.</p> <p><b>Discussion and conclusion:</b> This study suggests oxidative stress plays an important role in COPD and the PPI provide indication that proteins present in COPD are linked.</p>