Bimetallic Pd–Au/TiO<sub>2</sub> Nanoparticles: An Efficient and Sustainable Heterogeneous Catalyst for Rapid Catalytic Hydrogen Transfer Reduction of Nitroarenes

Anilines are one of the important chemical feedstocks and are utilized for the preparation of a variety of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, pigments, and dyes. In this context, the catalytic reduction of nitro functionality is an industrially vital process for the synthesis of aniline derivatives. Herein, we report an efficient nanosized bimetallic Pd–Au/TiO<sub>2</sub> nanomaterial which is proved to be quite efficient for rapid catalytic hydrogen transfer reduction of nitroarenes into corresponding amines. Significantly, the reduction process is successful under solvent-free and mild green atmospheric conditions. Bimetallic Pd–Au nanoparticles served as the active center, and TiO<sub>2</sub> played as a support in hydrogen transfer from the source hydrazine monohydrate. Typical results highlighted that the reactions were very rapid and the products were obtained in good to excellent yields. Significantly, the process was successful in the presence of a very low amount catalyst (0.1 mol %). Furthermore, the reaction showed good chemoselectivity and compatiblity with double or triple bond, aldehyde, ketone, and ester functionalities on the aromatic ring. Typical results indicated the true heterogeneous nature of the Pd–Au/TiO<sub>2</sub> nanocatalyst, where the catalyst retained the activity, without loss of its activity.