Bayesian Variable Selection in Spatial Autoregressive Models
This paper compares the performance of Bayesian variable selection approaches for spatial autoregressive models. It presents two alternative approaches that can be implemented using Gibbs sampling methods in a straightforward way and which allow one to deal with the problem of model uncertainty in spatial autoregressive models in a flexible and computationally efficient way. A simulation study shows that the variable selection approaches tend to outperform existing Bayesian model averaging techniques in terms of both in-sample predictive performance and computational efficiency. The alternative approaches are compared in an empirical application using data on economic growth for European NUTS-2 regions.